Work-related and non-work-related injury deaths in the U.S.: a comparative study.
Chen-G; Jenkins-L; Marsh-S; Johnston-JJ
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2001 Dec; 7(7):1859-1868
This study assesses the percentage of traumatic fatalities attributable to work-related causes in the US, by cause of death and population demographics. The 1993-1998 Vital Statistics Mortality data from the National Center for Health Statistics were used. There were 848,945 traumatic fatalities (E800-E999) among the general population 16 years or older in the US during this time; of these, 32,044 were work-related accounting for 3.8%, of all the fatalities. The work-related percentage varied from 62.7% for machine-related deaths to 0.7% for suicides, from 4.9% for males to 1.0% for females, from 9.8% in Alaska to 1.5% in Arizona, from 4.2% for decedents with 1 to 4 year college educations to 2.9% for decedents with high school or less, from 4.4% for races other than white and black to 2.6% for black. Mean age-at-death was 42 years for work-related vs. 48 years for non-work- related fatalities. This difference is more pronounced for deaths from falls (45 years vs. 78 years). Conversely, victims of work-related homicide were older than non-work-related (41 years vs. 33 years). A more complete understanding of the burden of traumatic fatalities attributable to work-related causes requires consideration of the total work-related percentage, cause of death, and population demographic.
Demographic-characteristics; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Mortality-surveys; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology;
Author Keywords: injury mortality; fatality; occupational injury mortality; mortality surveillance; etiologic fraction
Guang-Xiang Chen, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS/H-1811, Morgantown, West Virginia, 26505
Hum Ecol Risk Assess