Contrasting roles of NF-kB and JNK in arsenite-induced p53-independent expression of GADD45alpha.
Chen-F; Zhang-Z; Leonard-SS; Shi-X
Oncogene 2001 Jun; 20(27):3585-3589
Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein 45alpha (GADD45alpha) is an important cell cycle checkpoint protein that arrests cells at G2/M phase by inhibiting the activity of G2-specific kinase, cyclin B/p34cdc2. We report here that arsenite induces GADD45alpha expression in a p53-independent fashion and that this GADD45alpha induction by arsenite is regulated by NF-kappaB and c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) oppositely. In human bronchial epithelial cells overexpressing a kinase-mutated form of IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta-KM), the activation of NF-kappaB was inhibited. However, the G2/M cell cycle arrest and expression of GADD45alpha was substantially enhanced in response to arsenite in these cells. Expression of a dominant-negative mutant of SEK1 that blocks JNK activation decreased arsenite-induced GADD45alpha expression. Analysis of GADD45alpha expression in both wild-type and p53-/- fibroblasts indicated that the induction of GADD45alpha by arsenite was independent of the status of p53 protein.
F Chen, The Health Effects Laboratory Division, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, West Virginia, WV 26505, USA