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A graphical analysis of mortality rates and years of potential life lost.
Bena JF; Bailer AJ; Park RH; Halperin WE
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2001 Dec; 7(7):1843-1857
One challenge in assessing occupational fatal injuries is choosing a summary measure of the impact of these injuries. Each metric emphasizes different aspects of health risk, and fatal injury reports often focus on only one summary measure at a time. Deaths from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality database were combined into external cause of death (e-code) groups. Graphs comparing average years of potential life lost (YPLL), mortality rate, and their product, "YPLL-rate" , are presented for e-code groups overall, industries and occupations, and e-code groups within selected industries and occupations. This integrated analysis of fatal injury characteristics allows identification of the portion of the workforce at highest risk. Homicides and electrocutions (e-code groups) had high mortality rates, average YPLL, and YPLL-rates, both overall, and within several of the industries and occupations examined. The industry and occupation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing experienced a very high mortality rate and the lowest average YPLL for both industries and occupations. Laborer was the most hazardous occupation for young workers with an average YPLL near 40, and a mortality rate greater than 15 deaths per 100,000 worker-years.
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Injuries; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Health-hazards; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-hazards; Author Keywords: external causes of deaths; occupational injury risk assessment; death certificate registries; rate-ypll contour plot; actuarially adjusted life expectancy
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226 USA
Issue of Publication
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division