On March 6, 2001, a 41-year-old male volunteer Assistant Chief (the victim) died after the engine he was driving left the road, overturned, and struck a tree. The victim (driver) and a fire fighter had responded in Engine 5 at 1445 hours to a structure fire. At 1503 hours, the victim lost control of the engine on an icy, snow-packed gravel road. The engine left the road, overturned onto the passengerís side, and struck a tree. The victim was thrown into the passengerís side, landing on top of the fire fighter. The victim was entrapped and had to be extricated from the vehicle. Emergency Medical Technicians performed cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on the victim for approximately 20 minutes before pronouncing him dead at 1530 hours at the scene. The fire fighter (passenger) was able to climb out of the cab and was provided medical attention to ensure that he had not sustained any serious injuries. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to minimize the risk of similar occurrences, fire departments should ensure that all drivers of fire department vehicles are responsible for the safe and prudent operation of the vehicle under all conditions ensure that apparatus equipped with water tanks are provided with baffles to control the waterís movement enforce standard operating procedures (SOPs) on the use of seat belts in all emergency vehicles.