Hazard recognition - computer based simulation.
Orr TJ; Filigenzi MT; Ruff TM
Proceedings of the 30th Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 8-11, 1999. Jenkins FM; Langton J; McCarter MK; Rowe B, eds., Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1999 Aug; :21-28
A study by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) on occupational deaths between 1980 and 1989 indicated that the mining industry had the highest average annual fatality rate (31.9 per 100,000 workers) of any industry in the United States. Mining also carries the highest risk for accidents in 23 states and accounts for the largest number of occupational deaths in three states. Researchers believe that the use of virtual reality- (VR-) based training tools will help to reduce these injury and fatality numbers. Accordingly, researchers at NIOSH's Spokane Research Laboratory are developing software that utilizes inexpensive computer hardware to deliver an immersive desktop VR experience to educate mine workers on the hazards of mining, as well as to train miners in evacuation routes and evacuation procedures. In addition, SRL researchers are developing computer animation techniques used to reconstruct mining accidents. These reconstructions will be used to train miners to recognize and avoid hazardous situations at the job site. Computer-based training tools offer several distinct advantages over more conventional training tools. Computer-based tools provide a three-dimensional immersive environment that allows the trainee to experience mining hazards and view mine accidents without actually being exposed to such hazards. This "time-on-task" will help reinforce the learning acquired during more conventional classroom instruction. In addition, the inherent flexibility of this type of tool allows the training material to be tailored to meet the requirements of individual mines.
Mining-industry; Computer-software; Training; Education; Simulation-methods
NIOSH, Spokane Research Laboratory, 315 E. Montgomery Ave., Spokane, WA 99207, USA
Jenkins FM; Langton J; McCarter MK; Rowe B
Proceedings of the 30th Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Salt Lake City, Utah, August 8-11, 1999