Emerging technologies: aiding responders in mine emergences and during the escape from smoke-filled passageways.
Proceedings of the Northwest Mining Association 107th Annual Meeting, Spokane, Washington, December 3-7, 2001. Spokane, Washington: The Northwest Mining Association, 2001 Dec; :1-14
Historically, underground mine rescue teams have received training only in the course of actual emergencies, or in simulated mine environments, usually on the surface, with placards to identify objects and hazards. Also, while U.S. Federal Regulations require all underground miners to walk escapeways and conduct fire drills every 90 days, this does not fully prepare them for the conditions that may be encountered in real escape situations, such as smoke filled entries. This paper describes technology and realistic training simulations that have been identified for the general workforce and mine emergency responders. Of all the technology evaluated by underground personnel, laser lights and lifelines were most beneficial in leading personnel to safety and out of the mine in smoke-filled passageways. These technological advancements can improve the state of readiness for rescue personnel and increase the chances of survival for personnel escaping from underground emergencies.
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Rescue-workers; Rescue-measures; Emergency-responders; Training; First-aid
NIOSH, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, P.O. 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
Proceedings of the Northwest Mining Association 107th Annual Meeting, Spokane, Washington, December 3-7, 2001