Developing dermal policy based on laboratory and field studies.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000-142, 2000 Jan; :1-2
Estimates indicate that more than 13 million workers in the United States are potentially exposed to chemicals that can be absorbed through the skin. A worker.s skin may be exposed to hazardous chemicals through direct contact with contaminated surfaces, deposition of aerosols, immersion, or splashes. When substantial amounts of chemicals are absorbed, systemic toxicity can result. Contact dermatitis can also result when chemicals are absorbed through a worker's skin. Contact dermatitis is one of the most common chemically induced causes of occupational illness, accounting for 10 to 15 percent of all occupational illnesses at an estimated annual cost of at least $1 billion. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and approximately 500 external partners created the National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) to guide occupational safety and health research into the next decade. The Agenda is made up of 21 priority research areas including allergic and irritant dermatitis. As part of NORA, NIOSH encouraged its intramural researchers to join together to develop large scale programs in and across NORA priority areas. One of the three funded interdisciplinary cross-divisional programs is the development of a dermal policy based on laboratory and field studies. The overall goal of this program is to promote the development of improved NIOSH policies and recommendations for identifying and controlling dermal overexposures and dermatitis. This goal will be accomplished by (1) adding critical information to our current knowledge base through laboratory and field investigations and (2) developing and applying scientific decision-making processes for policy development using that knowledge base.
Skin exposure; Skin irritants; Contact dermatitis; Dermatitis; Dermatosis
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2000-142
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health