On May 27, 2000, a 27-year-old male volunteer fire fighter (the victim) died after losing control of the pumper truck (Engine 40) he was driving, which rolled approximately one and three-quarter revolutions and slid before coming to rest. At 1522 hours, the fire department was dispatched to a motor-vehicle incident, with unknown injuries. At 1523 hours, the victim responded in Engine 40. Also responding to the scene was a Captain in his privately owned vehicle (POV) and an Assistant Chief in a department vehicle. At 1539 hours, the victim radioed to Central Dispatch that the call was unfounded and he was returning to the station. En route to the station, the engine was traveling northbound on a two-lane state road with the Captain following behind. The engine drifted off the roadway on the right (east) side and passed over a large hole created by erosion at the end of a drainage culvert. The victim lost control of the engine after he overcorrected and applied his brakes in an attempt to steer the engine back onto the road. The engine rotated counterclockwise, came back onto the roadway and overturned. The engine rolled approximately one and three-quarter revolutions as it continued to skid, traveling northbound. The victim was ejected from the engine and sustained fatal injuries as a result of the collision. The engine came to rest on its left side, facing west and blocking the southbound lane of the roadway. The cab area of the engine burst into flames as it sat at rest. NIOSH investigators concluded that, to minimize the risk of similar occurrences, fire departments should: 1. ensure all drivers of fire department vehicles are responsible for the safe and prudent operation of the vehicle under all conditions; 2. enforce standard operating procedures (SOPs) on the use of seat belts in all emergency vehicles; and, 3. ensure all drivers of fire department vehicles receive driver training at least twice a year.