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Antioxidant balance and free radical generation in vitamin E deficient mice after dermal exposure to cumene hydroperoxide.

Authors
Shvedova AA; Kisin ER; Kommineni C; Mason RP; Kadiiska MB
Source
Toxicologist 2000 Mar; 54(1):49
NIOSHTIC No.
20021065
Abstract
Organic peroxides are widely used in the chemical industry as initiators of oxidation for the production of polymers and fiber-reinforced plastics, in the manufacture of polyester resin coatings, and as antimicrobial agents in pharmaceuticals. Free radical production is considered to be one of the key factors contributing to skin tumor promotion by organic peroxides. In vitro experiments have demonstrated metal-catalyzed formation of alkoxyl, alkyl and aryl radicals in keratinocytes incubated with cumene hydroperoxide. The present study investigated in vivo tree radical generation in lipid extracts of mouse skin exposed to cumene hydroperoxicle. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spin-trapping technique was used to detect the formation of alfa-phenyl-N-tert-butylnitrone (PBN) radical adducts, following intradermal injection of 180 mg/kg PBN. It was found that 30 min after topical exposure, cumene hydroperoxide (12mmole/kg) induced free radical generation in the skin of female Balb/C mice (13-14 weeks old) kept for 10 weeks on vitamin E deficient diets. In contrast, no radical adducts were detected when cumene hydroperoxide was applied to the skin of mice fed a vitamin E sufficient diet. Important1y, levels of GSH and vitamin E in the skin of vitamin E deficient mice decreased 30% and 80%, respectively, compared to vitamin E sufficient controls. PBN adducts detected by ESR in vitamin E deficient mice provide direct evidence for in vivo tree radical generation in the skin after exposure to cumene hydroperoxide.
Keywords
Antioxidants; Antioxidation; Free radicals; Free radical generation; Laboratory animals; Animals; Animal studies; Exposure levels; Exposure assessment; Organic peroxides; Oxidation; Polymers; Pharmaceuticals; Skin tumors; In vitro studies; In vivo studies; Aryls
CAS No.
80-15-9
Publication Date
20000301
Document Type
Abstract
Fiscal Year
2000
Issue of Publication
1
ISSN
1096-6080
NIOSH Division
HELD
Source Name
The Toxicologist. Society of Toxicology 39th Annual Meeting, March 19-23, 2000, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
State
WV; NC
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division