Identification and evaluation of injury circumstances contributing to crane-related occupational fatality.
Moore PH; Pratt SG
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19, 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :42
Introduction: Cranes are used in a broad range of industrial settings to hoist and transport materials. Mobile cranes used in construction, mining, and transportation move between locations, often while carrying a load. Tower cranes are used at urban building construction sites where limited maneuvering room is available. Overhead traveling cranes are a necessity in heavy manufacturing, railroad and seaport operations. This study identified injury risks for workers operating or working near cranes and developed recommendations for injury prevention. Methods: The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) was used to identify crane-related fatalities from 1992 to 1997. Results of 73 field investigations conducted by NIOSH's Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program between 1982 and 1999 were evaluated to identify circumstances which contributed to each type of event. Results: The CFOI identified 479 occupational fatalities between 1992 and 1997 for which a crane was the primary or secondary source of injury. Injury events included contact with objects and equipment (41%), falls to lower level (13%), contact with electric current (24%), and transportation incidents (10%). Injury circumstances of the fatalities investigated through FACE were 36 power-line contacts, 11 crane tip-overs, 11 rigging failures, 9 falls from cranes or suspended work platforms, 3 caught by or struck by crane components, and 2 incidents where the crane was in transport. Conclusion: Crane fatalities can be prevented by implementation of safe work procedures including maintaining safe clearance between cranes and overhead power lines, operating within manufacturer's recommended capacities, using load monitoring instruments, and maintaining safe clearance between workers on foot and cranes.
Accident rates; Accident statistics; Accidents; Accident prevention; Injuries; Traumatic injuries; Injury prevention; Surveillance programs; Statistical analysis; Epidemiology; Construction equipment; Construction industry; Construction workers; Mining equipment; Mining industry; Railroad industry; Shipyard industry; Shipyard workers; Shipbuilding industry; Shipyards; Materials handling; Materials handling equipment; Mortality data; Mortality rates; Mortality surveys
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000