Surveillance for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses treated in hospital emergency departments: United States, 1998.
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19, 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :77-78
The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) is used by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for surveillance of nonfatal occupational injuries treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments (EDs). In 1998, NEISS captured work-related injuries and illnesses treated in a 67 hospital ED sample based on a national stratified probability sample of all U. S. hospitals with a 24-hr emergency department and a minimum of six hospital beds. We made national injury/illness estimates based on statistical weighting for each NEISS case in the sample. We determined injury/illness rate estimates by using 12-month averages for full-time employees (FTE = 2,000 hrs/yr) from the 1998 Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey. An estimated 3.6 million occupational injuries and illnesses were treated nationally in EDs. The occupational injury/illness rate for 1998 was 2.8 per 100 FTE. The injury/illness rate for men (3.4 per 100 FTE) was almost twice the rate for women (1.8 per 100 FTE). The rate was highest for the younger-aged workers with the injury/illness rate decreasing with worker age. In 1998, hands and fingers were the most commonly injured part of the body (30%). Hand and finger injuries were treated almost twice as frequently in EDs as other anatomic groups: trunk/back/groin (18%), head/face/neck (17%), arm/wrist/shoulder (15%), and leg/knee/ankle/foot (17%). Seventy percent of the injuries involved lacerations/punctures (26%), sprain/strain (25%), and contusion/abrasion/hematoma (19%). The magnitude and rate of ED-treated injuries/illnesses, as well as the general injury/illness patterns for 1998 were similar to those reported for 1996 from NEISS. These data are one of several yardsticks that will be used to assess a reduction in work-related injuries and illnesses as targeted by Healthy People 2010 and the National Occupational Research Agenda.
Surveillance programs; Accident rates; Accident statistics; Accidents; Accident prevention; Injuries; Traumatic injuries; Injury prevention; Statistical analysis; Epidemiology; Demographic characteristics; Age factors; Age groups; Sex factors; Racial factors
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000