Ergonomic interventions and innovations for the maritime industries.
Hudock SD; Siegfried KV; Wurzelbacher SJ; Reed LD
New Maritime Impulses in the Presence of a New Century, Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Maritime Technological Innovations and Research, November 8-11, 2000, Cadiz, Spain. F Piniella, A Bocanegra, J Olivella, R Rodriguez-Martos, eds. Cadiz, Spain: Servicio de Publicaciones-Universidad de Cadiz, 2000 Nov; :1114-1120
Many of the job processes being performed at ship construction, repair, and recycling yards today do not significantly differ from those same processes as seen fifty years ago. Individual workers still use stick welding equipment to connect subassemblies into bigger blocks or units. Workers enter confined spaces and assume awkward postures to complete welding, writing, piping, electrical or insulation tasks. The complexity of the vessels may have increased over fifty years but many of the job processes have not kept pace with changes in technology. Due in part to the mismatch in technology between work processes and product design, researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conduced a series of ergonomic interventions at a number of domestic shipyards. These interventions addressed those processes linked to the most numerous or most severe chronic musculoskeletal disorders among the maritime production work force.
Ergonomics; Marine workers; Shipyards; Shipyard workers; Shipyard industry; Shipbuilding industry; Workers; Welding equipment; Musculoskeletal system disorders
Piniella F; Bocanegra A; Olivella J; Rodriguez-Martos R
New Maritime Impulses in the Presence of a New Century, Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on Maritime Technological Innovations and Research, November 8-11, 2001, Cadiz, Spain