NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Pulmonary effects of inhaled mineral dusts.

Authors
Eschenbacher WL; Kullman GJ; Gomberg CC
Source
Patty's industrial hygiene, fifth edition. Harris RL, ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2000 Jan; 1:89-130
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20020922
Abstract
Despite advances in knowledge of the relationships between exposure to mineral dusts (asbestos, coal dust, silica) and the respiratory diseases that can occur (pneumoconioses, obstructive lung diseases, cancer, etc.), these diseases are still present and workers are still dying with these conditions. Important insight has been gained into the understanding of the mechanisms of the injury that occurs with the cells and the tissue of the lungs are exposed to these mineral dusts. However, the primary mode of protecting workers from the development of these mineral dust-induced lung diseases is by reducing or eliminating exposure to increased concentrations of the dusts in the first place. No amount of treatment can substitute for prevention in the development of these diseases. This chapter provides the reader with background knowledge regarding the respiratory system (anatomy, defense mechanisms, physiology, assessment, and the response of the lungs to injury) and specifics of the lung diseases caused by exposure to some of the mineral dusts. Treatment of these disorders will not be covered in great detail in this chapter. However, it remains paramount that engineering controls and personal respiratory protection be required so that these dust-induced lung diseases can be prevented.
Keywords
Mineral-dusts; Dusts; Dust-inhalation; Dust-particles; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Diseases; Workers; Occupational-exposure; Lung-disorders; Lung-disease; Respiratory-system-disorders; Engineering-controls; Respiratory-protection
Publication Date
20000101
Document Type
Chapter
Editors
Harris RL
Fiscal Year
2000
ISBN No.
9780471297567
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Patty's industrial hygiene, fifth edition
State
WV; NY
Page last reviewed: October 18, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division