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Pulmonary effects of inhaled mineral dusts.
Eschenbacher WL; Kullman GJ; Gomberg CC
Patty's industrial hygiene, fifth edition. Harris RL, ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2000 Jan; 1:89-130
Despite advances in knowledge of the relationships between exposure to mineral dusts (asbestos, coal dust, silica) and the respiratory diseases that can occur (pneumoconioses, obstructive lung diseases, cancer, etc.), these diseases are still present and workers are still dying with these conditions. Important insight has been gained into the understanding of the mechanisms of the injury that occurs with the cells and the tissue of the lungs are exposed to these mineral dusts. However, the primary mode of protecting workers from the development of these mineral dust-induced lung diseases is by reducing or eliminating exposure to increased concentrations of the dusts in the first place. No amount of treatment can substitute for prevention in the development of these diseases. This chapter provides the reader with background knowledge regarding the respiratory system (anatomy, defense mechanisms, physiology, assessment, and the response of the lungs to injury) and specifics of the lung diseases caused by exposure to some of the mineral dusts. Treatment of these disorders will not be covered in great detail in this chapter. However, it remains paramount that engineering controls and personal respiratory protection be required so that these dust-induced lung diseases can be prevented.
Mineral dusts; Dusts; Dust inhalation; Dust particles; Pulmonary system disorders; Diseases; Workers; Occupational exposure; Lung disorders; Lung disease; Respiratory system disorders; Engineering controls; Respiratory protection
Patty's industrial hygiene, fifth edition
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division