Child and adolescent workers.
Davis L; Castillo DN; Wegman DH
Occupational health: recognizing and preventing work-related disease and injury, 4th edition. BS Levy, and DH Wegman, eds. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2000 Jan; :689-699
Millions of adolescents and children in the United States work. Although work can provide important benefits for youth - enhanced self-esteem, job skills, and income - it also poses substantial health risks. Young workers, here defined as workers younger than 18 years of age, routinely confront safety and health hazards on the job, and each year in the United States tens of thousands are injured, hundreds are hospitalized, and at least 70 are killed. In addition, working more than 20 hours per week while going to school has been linked with a number of adverse psychosocial outcomes such as increased daytime fatigue and substance abuse, issues important to consider within a broad definition of child and adolescent health (1). This chapter provides an overview of youth employment and what is known about occupational injuries and illnesses. It discusses factors that raise special health and safety concerns about youth in the workplace and describes child labor laws, which establish extra protections for working youth. Finally, it discusses innovative opportunities for prevention.
Children; Workers; Health hazards; Risk factors; Risk analysis; Injuries; Traumatic injuries; Occupational health; Occupational hazards; Fatigue; Substance abuse; Injury prevention; Mortality data; Mortality rates
Book or book chapter
Levy BS; Wegman DH
Occupational health: recognizing and preventing work-related disease and injury, 4th edition