NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19, 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :30
The Alaska Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) project conducts research on occupational fatalities in Alaska as part of a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) grant-supported program. The purpose of FACE is to identify work-related deaths, collect data for a state and national database, review the circumstances preceding fatal incidents, and identify potential prevention strategies. During 1990 through 1999, 645 work-related deaths were identified, an average of more than 64 deaths per year. Of these 645 deaths, 450 occurred after July 1992, when the Alaska FACE program began. The number of fatal work-related injuries has decreased as the labor force in Alaska continued to grow, particularly in the construction, air transportation, communication, and retail sales industries. Forty-three percent (195/450) of the fatalities were white males between 22 and 51 years of age. Overall, drowning/hypothermia, aircraft crash injuries, homicides, and motor vehicle injuries accounted for two-thirds of all fatal traumatic occupational events, while 15% were attributed to crush or struck-by (impact) injuries: crush or struck-by injuries caused 15 (78.9%) of 19 logging deaths and 10 (76.9%) of 13 machinery-related deaths. The majority of non-aviation and commercial fishing events involved one or two victims. Nearly 72 % of non-aviation, non-commercial fishing work-related deaths occurred in sparsely populated, remote sites. While 40% of the notifications of fatalities were by state and federal agencies, newsmedia (local newspapers, television, and radio) accounted for nearly half of the initial reports of fatalities. Alaska's high rate of traumatic occupational death is, in part, a function of the distribution of workers in hazardous industries and high-risk environments. Data from the FACE project has enabled public health, safety, and industry professionals to develop targeted interventions and reduce the high rate of occupational fatalities.
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000