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Nonfatal occupational injuries among African-American women by industry.

Chen-GX; Hendericks-KJ
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19, 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :45
A previous study suggested that African-American women may have a higher rate of work-related injury that requires treatment in emergency department (EDs) and a higher proportion of employment in the healthcare industry compared to white women and women of other races. This study examined this type of injury by industry among African-American women using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, a national surveillance system for nonfatal work-related injuries treated in EDs in the U.S. Injury rates were calculated based on employment data from the Current Population Survey. In 1996, African-American women, aged 16 or older, were treated in U.S. EDs for an estimated 141,427 nonfatal work-related injuries (2.3/100 full-time equivalents (FTEs)). Of these injuries, 38% occurred in the healthcare industry, with retail trade accounting for 14% and manufacturing accounting for 12%. The healthcare industry experienced the highest injury rate (4.5/100 FTEs), followed by construction (2.9/100 FTEs) and retail trade (2.4/100 FTEs). Injury patterns varied by industry in terms of source and event. For example, in healthcare, the leading injury source involved interactions with patients (i.e., lifting/moving patients) and the leading injury event was bodily reactions and exertions. Whereas, the leading source of injury for retail trade involved falls to the floor and the leading injury event was struck by or against objects. This study is consistent with the previous study and demonstrates that the higher injury rate among African-American women is due, at least in part, to the higher proportion of employment in the healthcare industry, an industry with the highest injury rate. The different injury patterns by industry underscores the need for targeted research and effective prevention efforts in high-risk industries.
Accident-rates; Accident-statistics; Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Racial-factors; Sex-factors; Health-care-personnel; Construction-workers; Retail-workers; Manual-lifting
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Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
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NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000