NIOSH fire fighter fatality investigation and prevention program.
NOIRS 2000--Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA, October 17-19, 2000. Pittsburgh, PA: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 2000 Oct; :20
The United States currently depends on approximately 1.2 million fire fighters (about 210,000 career/paid and 1 million volunteers) to protect its citizens and property from losses caused by fire. The National Fire Protection Association and the U.S. Fire Administration estimate that on average, 105 fire fighters die on the job each year (1986-1995 data), and in 1995 alone, 95,000 fire fighters were injured at work. In Fiscal Year 1998 Congress allocated funds to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to address the continuing national problem of occupational fire fighter fatalities and injuries. The objectives of this effort by NIOSH include the investigation of all occupational fire fighter fatalities to assess and characterize the circumstances surrounding these events for the purpose of developing, evaluating and disseminating prevention recommendations to fire fighters and fire departments across the country. The investigations are conducted to gather information on factors that may have contributed to the traumatic occupational fatality. For each case investigated, data are collected on factors associated with the agent (mode of energy exchange), the host (the fire fighter who died) and the environment. These factors are identified during the pre-event, event, and post-event phases. These contributory factors are investigated in detail in each incident, and are summarized in the investigation report, along with recommendations for preventing future incidents. The national initiative by NIOSH to prevent fire fighter fatalities and injuries will result in substantial new information which will be of importance to fire fighters, fire departments, State fire marshals, researchers, and others interested in the protection of fire fighters. It is imperative that this and existing information are readily accessible to those who can intervene in the workplace and use it for the development of recommendations and guidelines to prevent fire fighter injuries and deaths.
Accidents; Accident-prevention; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Emergency-responders; Fire-fighters
Conference/Symposia Proceedings; Abstract
NOIRS 2000 Abstracts of the National Occupational Injury Research Symposium 2000, Pittsburgh, PA., October 17-19, 2000