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Evaluation of occupational transmission of hepatitis A virus among wastewater workers.
Trout D; Mueller C; Venczel L; Krake A
J Occup Environ Med 2000 Jan; 42(1):83-87
To provide information concerning potential occupational transmission of hepatitis A virus (HAV) among wastewater workers in a large city in the United States, a cross-sectional survey was performed using a saliva test to detect antibodies to HAV (anti-HAV). Fifty-nine (20%) of 302 participants tested positive for anti-HAV. After controlling for the confounding effects of age and race, wastewater work was not significantly associated with an increase in the prevalence of anti-HAV (prevalence ratio = 1.3; 95% confidence interval 0.7 to 2.4). Additionally, when examining only the wastewater workers, no statistically significant occupational risk factors for anti-HAV were identified. The results of this survey are consistent with the position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention regarding groups at risk for HAV infection.
Waste treatment; Waste disposal; Workers; Worker health; Work environment; Occupational exposure; Health hazards; Diseases; Viral infections; Viral diseases; Risk analysis; Epidemiology; Statistical analysis
Issue of Publication
Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Page last reviewed: April 9, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division