Shift work, long hours, and cardiovascular disease: a review.
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 2000 Jan; 15(1):7-17
Data from industrialized countries suggests that irregular patterns of work, such as shift work and extensive overtime work, have become increasingly common. In conjunction with this trend, there are more epidemiologic studies of the health effects of such irregular patterns of work, a number of which focus on heart disease. The following is a review of the literature, with comments on possible mechanisms linking irregular hours and heart disease as well as on the methodologic difficulties of studying this topic. Shift work and heart disease are the primary focus here, because most of the epidemiologic efforts have been directed at this area, but the epidemiology of overtime work and heart disease also is reviewed.
Shift work; Shift workers; Cardiovascular system disease; Cardiovascular system disorders; Cardiovascular disease; Epidemiology; Heart
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews