Ovalbumin aeroallergen exposure-response in brown Norway rats.
Siegel PD; Al-Humadi NH; Millecchia LL; Robinson VA; Hubbs AF; Nelson ER; Fedan JS
Inhal Toxicol 2000 Mar; 12(3):245-261
A major route of exposure to allergens is through the respiratory tract. Comparatively few animal studies have used aerosolized high-molecular-weight allergens for sensitization, and in these studies, proper characterization of the aeroallergen exposure was usually missing. The purpose of this study was to profile the exposure-response relationship in Brown Norway rats (BNR) to well-characterized ovalbumin (OVA) aerosols. Rats were exposed 30 min/wk x 6 wk to respirable OVA aerosols from <1 mg/m(3) to 64 mg/m(3) air. Ovalbumin-specific circulating immunoglobulin (Ig)E, IgG, and IgA were measured throughout the study period. Rats were sacrificed 1 day after the last exposure. Pulmonary tissue was processed for histopathological and histochemical analysis. Tracheas were isolated, perfused, and assessed for in vitro responsiveness to methacholine. Serum concentrations of OVA-specific antibodies increased with both exposure concentration and number of exposures. The number of BNR with measurable titers also increased with both dose and time. Pulmonary inflammatory changes were noted only in BNR exposed to higher OVA concentrations (15 and 64 mg/m(3) air). Increased tracheal reactivity to methacholine was not found in any of the sensitized BNR. In summary, sustained aeroallergen concentration-dependent changes in specific antibody responses and pulmonary inflammation have been demonstrated.
Laboratory-animals; Animals; Animal-studies; Exposure-levels; Exposure-assessment; Allergens; Sensitization; Aerosols; Histochemical-analysis; Histopathology; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Respiratory-system-disorders; Antibody-response
Paul D. Siegel, PhD, Team Leader / Bioorganic Chemistry, Analytical Service Branch, HELD/NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505, USA