Analysis of K-ras and p53 mutations in mesotheliomas from humans and rats exposed to asbestos.
Ni-Z; Liu-YQ; Keshava-N; Zhou-G; Whong-WZ; Ong-T
Mutat Res 2000 Jun; 468(1):87-92
Malignant mesothelioma is known to be associated with asbestos exposure. However, the mechanism of mesothelial carcinogenesis in relation to the activation of proto-oncogenes or inactivation of tumor suppressor genes remains unclear. In this study, the PCR-Primer Introduced Restriction Site (PCR-PIRS) assay was employed to examine mutations in the K-ras proto-oncogene in mesothelioma tissues from workers exposed to asbestos and from rats treated with asbestos. Mutations in exons 5-8 of the p53 tumor suppressor gene were determined by direct DNA sequence analysis. Results of the PCR-PIRS analysis revealed no mutations in codons 12, 13 or 61 of the K-ras gene in any of the 17 human or 22 rat mesothelioma tissue samples. These results were confirmed by direct DNA sequence analysis. No mutations were found in exons 5-8 of the p53 gene in any of the mesothelioma tissue samples analyzed. These results and the results reported by others indicate that the K-ras proto-oncogene and p53 tumor suppressor gene may not play a critical role in the induction of mesothelioma by asbestos either in humans or in rats.
Asbestosis; Exposure-levels; Exposure-assessment; Laboratory-animals; Animals; Animal-studies; Genes; Gene-mutation; Mesothelial-cells; Carcinogenesis; Carcinogenicity; Carcinogens; Oncogenicity; Oncogenesis; Tumors
Toxicology and Molecular Biology Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HELD, NIOSH, m/s 3014, 1095 Willowdale Road, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888, USA