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Biological and chemical terrorism: strategic plan for preparedness and response - recommendations of the CDC strategic planning workgroup.

Khan AS; Levitt AM; Sage MJ; Groseclose SL; Gray EK; Gunter EW; Johnson AB; Wilson AL; Ashford DA; Craven RB; Gaynes RP; Morse SA; Peters CJ; Spiegel RA; Swerdlow DL; Deitchman SD; Halverson PK; Hughart J; Quinlisk P
MMWR Recomm Rep 2000 Apr; 49(RR-04):1-14
The U.S. national civilian vulnerability to the deliberate use of biological and chemical agents has been highlighted by recognition of substantial biological weapons development programs and arsenals in foreign countries, attempts to acquire or possess biological agents by militants, and high-profile terrorist attacks. Evaluation of this vulnerability has focused on the role public health will have detecting and managing the probable covert biological terrorist incident with the realization that the U.S. local, state, and federal infrastructure is already strained as a result of other important public health problems. In partnership with representatives for local and state health departments, other federal agencies, and medical and public health professional associations, CDC has developed a strategic plan to address the deliberate dissemination of biological or chemical agents. The plan contains recommendations to reduce U.S. vulnerability to biological and chemical terrorism --- preparedness planning, detection and surveillance, laboratory analysis, emergency response, and communication systems. Training and research are integral components for achieving these recommendations. Success of the plan hinges on strengthening the relationships between medical and public health professionals and on building new partner-ships with emergency management, the military, and law enforcement professionals.
Biological weapons; Biological warfare agents; Biological agents; Biological monitoring; Chemical agent detectors; Chemical warfare agents; Public health; Safety measures; Safety monitoring; Safety practices; Safety programs; Safety research; Monitoring systems; Surveillance programs; Emergency response; Law enforcement; Military personnel
Publication Date
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
Issue of Publication
NIOSH Division
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report: Recommendations and Report
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division