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Cancer mortality among minority workers.
Loomis-D; Savitz-DA; Schulz-M
NIOSH 1999 Mar; :1-159
The epidemiological study used mortality surveillance data from 21 states to determine overall cancer rate among minority workers, which include African-American, Latino, Asian and Native-American workers, compared with the US workforce as a whole, and the occupational setting associated with excess cancer occurrence among workers of each minority group. The population included residents of the 21 states who died at ages >20 in 1985-1992. Excess cancer mortality was identified primarily through analyses using the proportionate mortality ratio, and standardized mortality rate ratio was used as an indicator of association, for workers under age 65. Death analysis indicated that, compared to the entire workforce, African-American, Latino, Native American and Asian workers experienced excess mortality from cancers known to be related to race and ethnicity but without strong, established links to workplace exposure. An association of this type includes stomach cancer in Asians, gall bladder cancer among Native Americans, and esophageal cancer among African-Americans. Internal analysis within a single race showed an association of cancer with the work environment, which include bladder cancer and leukemia in the rubber industry among African-American and Latino men.
Cancer-rates; Cancer; Mortality-rates; Racial-factors; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Mortality-data; Surveillance-programs
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, CB-7400, McGavran-Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400
Final Grant Report
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division