Beryllium contamination inside vehicles of machine shop workers.
Sanderson-WT; Henneberger-PK; Martyny-J; Ellis-K; Mroz-MM; Newman-LS
Am J Ind Med 1999 Sep; 36(S1):72-74
Beryllium samples collected inside the control vehicles indicated that the background beryllium contamination from environmental sources is very low. Since a safe or recommended minimum concentration of beryllium on the surfaces of hands and automobiles is not known, it is difficult to evaluate the health risks associated with the levels found for the workers at this machining plant. But as an indicator of take-home exposures and increased risk for family members to inhale beryllium, it is prudent to reduce surface concentrations and the potential for workers to racy beryllium away from the work site. Therefore, the wipe sampling results--showing that many workers both carried residual beryllium on their hands when leaving work and has contaminated the inside of their vehicles--were presented to the workers and company management. Based on NIOSH recommendations, the company redesigned the locker rooms, requires all workers to wear coveralls and work shoes while working inside the plant, and to shower before changing into their street clothes and shoes. To date, no cases of chronic beryllium disease have been diagnosed in family members of workers at this particular facility.
Beryllium-compounds; Beryllium-disease; Work-environment; Take-home-toxins; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Metal-industry-workers; Metal-workers;
Author Keywords: beryllium; machinists; take-home exposure; surface beryllium contamination; occupational safety and health; work environment
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DSHEFS, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Haartz-JC; Lehtinen-S; Knave-B
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
National Jewish Medical and Research Center, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, Denver, Colorado