Where African-American women work and the nonfatal work-related injuries they experienced in the U.S. in 1996, compared to women of other races.
Am J Ind Med 1999 Sep; 36(S1):34-36
African-American women had higher rates of nonfatal occupational injuries presented to a hospital ED for medical treatment, that white women, in all age groups. Differences in employment status by racial group may suggest potential explanations for the higher risk among African-American women. For example, the higher proportion of African-American women working in the health care sector (where patient lifting and moving are often required) may be associated with the high risk of sprains and strains. More information on occupation, industry, and workplace exposure of the injured worker should be collected and examined to study these associations. Differences in demographic characteristics by racial group should also be considered in future design of research involving occupational injuries among African-American women. Based on the fact that the medical service and hospital industries covered one-fifth of all employed African-American women in the U.S., we suggest that the services industries in general, and the health care sector in particular, should be a priority for research and prevention of nonfatal occupational injuries among African-American women.
Health-care-industry; Health-care-personnel; Work-environment; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Minority-workers; Occupational-accidents; Sex-factors; Demographic-characteristics; Racial-factors;
Author Keywords: occupational injury; African-American; women; NEISS; employment; occupational health and safety; work environment
Guang Xiang Chen, NIOSH, Division of Safety Research, 1095 Willowdale Road, P-1133,Morgantown,WV 26505
Haartz-JC; Lehtinen-S; Knave-B
American Journal of Industrial Medicine