Control of health and safety hazards in commercial drycleaners: chemical exposures, fire hazards, and ergonomic risk factors.
Earnest-GS; Spencer-SS; Heitbrink-WA; Mickelsen-RL; McGlothlin-JD; Ewers-LMN
Votaw AL, ed. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-150, 1997 Dec; :1-86
This study investigates control methods and technologies used in the drycleaning industry for reducing occupational exposures to tetrachloroethylene(perchloroethylene-PERC). It also examines drycleaning machines that use petroleum-based solvents. It addresses methods for controlling exposures to spotting chemicals, fire, and ergonomic hazards in commercial drycleaning shops across the U.S. and through a World Health Organization fellowship in Europe. The study looks at the various categories of drycleaning equipment, full-shift exposures to PERC, the use of another cleaning media, local and general ventilation, inhalation of spotting chemicals, ergonomic hazards, workstation design, fire hazards and explosions. Information gathered through the study was supplemented by a literature review. The report provides a reference for anyone interested in protecting drycleaning workers from occupational hazards associated with this industry.
Dry-cleaning-solvents; Dry-cleaning-industry; Machine-operation; Machine-operators; Ergonomics; Fire-hazards; Ventilation; Sampling; Monitors; Control-technology
127-18-4; 79-01-6; 111-76-2; 107-41-5; 108-10-5; 123-86-4; 8052-41-3; 8032-32-4; 7664-39-3; 64742-95-6; 71-43-2; 8006-61-9
NTIS Accession No.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-150
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health