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NIOSH hazards controls HC28 - controlling chemical hazards during the application of artificial fingernails.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 99-112, (HC 28), 1999 Jan; :1-2
Artificial fingernail products are made from many chemicals, but the main one in most of these products is ethyl methacrylate (EMA). In 1974 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration outlawed a similar chemical, methyl methacrylate (MMA), used in fingernail products. MMA was proven harmful to nail technicians and customers. However, both MMA and EMA can cause contact dermatitis, asthma, and allergies in the eyes and nose--all problems that nail technicians know about. Both can make the eyes, nose, and other mucous membranes sting, become red, and swell. Customers are at risk, too. Because it is often difficult to tell which chemical in a nail salon is causing a sensitivity or allergy, it is best to control your exposure before you become sensitized. In the nail salon, to get rid of EMA in the air you breathe, you should apply artificial fingernails at a ventilated work table. It is also helpful to keep all bottles of fingernail liquid tightly capped. Finally, you should look at your work habits to see if they can be improved.
Methacrylates; Dermatitis; Allergies; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Hazards; Contact-dermatitis; Bronchial-asthma; Allergic-reactions; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Ventilation; Ventilation-equipment; Respiratory-system-disorders; Allergic-disorders; Sensitization
Numbered Publication; Hazard Control
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 99-112; HC-28
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division