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NIOSH hazard controls HC26 - controlling formaldehyde exposures during embalming.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-149, (HC 26), 1998 Oct; :1-2
Embalmers are exposed to formaldehyde at concentrations averaging up to 9 parts per million (ppm) during embalming. Short-term exposures to this strong-smelling gas cause eye, nose, and throat irritation at levels up to 5 ppm. At levels from 10 to 20 ppm, it causes cough, chest tightness, and unusual heart beat; and from 50 to 100 ppm, fluid on the lungs, followed by death. Exposure to formaldehyde over a long time may also cause cancer. NIOSH engineers designed and evaluated a local exhaust ventilation [LEV] system that effectively reduces embalmer's exposure to formaldehyde below the OSHA permissible limit of 0.75 ppm, as an 8-hr time-weighted average exposure.
Control-technology; Gases; Nasal-disorders; Respiratory-gases; Cardiovascular-system-disorders; Cancer; Lung; Exhaust-systems; Exhaust-ventilation; Air-flow; Exposure-limits; Exhaust-hoods; Eye-irritants; Mortality-rates
Numbered Publication; Hazard Control
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-149; HC-26
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division