NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Silicosis.

Authors
Parker JE; Wagner GR
Source
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition. JM Stellman ed. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Nov; 1:10.43-10.46, 10.91-10.97
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20000163
Abstract
Silicosis is a fibrotic disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation, retention and pulmonary reaction to crystalline silica. Despite knowledge of the cause of the disorder--respiratory exposures to silica containing dusts--this serious and potentially fatal occupational lung disease remains prevalent throughout the world. Silica, or silicon dioxide, is the predominant component of the earth's crust. Occupational exposure to silica particles of respirable size (aerodynamic diameter of 0.5 to 5 micrometers) is associated with mining, quarrying, drilling, tunnelling and abrasive blasting with quartz containing material (sandblasting). Silica exposure also poses a hazard to stonecutters, and pottery, foundry, ground silica and refractory workers. Because crystalline silica exposure is so widespread and silica sand is an inexpensive and versatile component of many manufacturing processes, millions of workers throughout the world are at risk of the disease. The true prevalence of the disease is unknown.
Keywords
Disease-prevention; Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Silica-dusts; Silicosis; Mining-industry; Lung-diseases
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Morgantown, WV 26505
CAS No.
14464-46-1; 14808-60-7; 15468-32-3
Publication Date
19981101
Document Type
Chapter
Editors
Stellman JM
Fiscal Year
1999
ISBN No.
9789221092032
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition
State
WV
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division