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Occupationally acquired infections of the lung.
Marfin AA; Hubbs AF; Musgrave KJ; Parker JE
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition. JM Stellman ed. Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Nov; 1:10.81-10.97
Although epidemiological studies of occupationally acquired pneumonia (OAP) are limited, work-related lung infections are thought to be declining in frequency worldwide. In contrast, OAPs in developed nations may be increasing in occupations associated with biomedical research or healthcare. OAP in hospital workers largely reflects the prevalent community acquired pathogens, but the re-emergence of tuberculosis, measles and pertussis in health care settings presents additional risk for health-based occupations. In developing nations, and in specific occupations in developed nations, unique infections pathogens that do not commonly circulate in the community cause many OAPs. This review briefly discusses some of the most important occupationally acquired pathogens. A more extensive list of occupationally acquired pulmonary disorders, classifies by specific aetiologies, is presented in table 10.26.
Epidemiology; Lung-disease; Infectious-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Disease-transmission; Diseases; Bacterial-infections; Fungal-infections
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Morgantown, WV 26505
Encyclopaedia of occupational health and safety: the body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches, fourth edition
Page last reviewed: November 6, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division