Casual factors in production agriculture injuries: working children and youth versus adults.
Chapman-LJ; Taveira-AD; Newenhouse-AC; Meyer-RH; Josefsson-KG
Advances in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety: Proceedings of the XIIIth Annual International Occupational Ergonomics and Safety Conference 1998. Kumar S, ed., Amsterdam, Netherlands: IOS Press, 1998 Jan; 2:73-76
The high incidence rates of agriculture-related fatal and nonfatal injuries are a continuing concern. Some surveillance information is available about injury types and circumstances. However, a gap remains about whether injuries to working children and youth (i.e. aged 6-17) differ from those experienced by adults and whether they require a unique prevention stratagy. We reviewed existing literature and selected high quality studies of traditional agriculture areas with both age and injury casual factor breakdown. We reclassified injury casual factors into types according to a simplified scheme and included our own data from Wisconsin's fatal and nonfatal surveillance systems. We located very few published studies of traditional agriculture areas with good case ascertainment, large sample sizes, and breakdown of injury casual factors by age ranges. When fatal and nonfatal injury data from Ontario, Canada and Wisconsin, USA were reclassified according to our simplified scheme for casual factors, there were few important differences between adults and working children and adolescents in rankings or proportionate weights. Other data suggested that children and youth in traditional agriculture perform, by and large, the same types of work as adults and are exposed to the same hazards. Better surveillance information is needed to guide prevention practices and intervention research, especially data about ages, casual factors, and other aspects of injury circumstances. This limited review suggests that the same injury reduction stratagies can benefit adults and working children and adolescents.
Agricultural-workers; Age-factors; Injuries; Farmers; Adolescent-workers; Children
Biological Systems Engineering Department, University of Wisconsin, 460 Henry Mall, Madison, Wisconsin 53706
Disease and Injury: Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Extremities
Advances in Occupational Ergonomics and Safety, Proceedings of the XIIIth Annual International Occupational Ergonomics and Safety Conference 1998
University of Wisconsin, Department of Biological Systems Engineering