Hitchcock-RT; Murray-WE; Patterson-RM; Rockwell-RJ Jr.
The Occupational Environment - Its Evaluation and Control. DiNardi SR, ed., Fairfax, VA: American Industrial Hygiene Association, 1997 Aug; :491-580
In the past 75 years, there has been a remarkable increase in the number of man-made sources and applications of nonionizing radiation. These include a myriad of uses of laser and radio-frequency radiation in industrial, scientific, military, consumer, and medical applications. During much of the same period, research has focused on the possible health effects associated with nonionizing radiation (NIR), both man-made and naturally occurring. The body of information generated in those studies demonstrate that not only can overexposure to nonionizing radiation produce a number of serious health effects, but that there are thresholds between safe exposures and over exposures. Hence, it is possible to use nonionizing radiation for beneficial applications in the occupational environment without subjecting workers to harmful exposures. To achieve this goal, however, it is necessary to recognize and evaluate sources of nonionizing radiation in the workplace and provide expertise in appropriate controls to the worker. This is the role of the occupational hygienist. The intent of this chapter is to assist the occupational hygienist in anticipating, recognizing, evaluating and controlling nonionizing radiation. Other useful references on nonionizing radiation are available.
Nonionizing-radiation; Electromagnetic-radiation; Ultraviolet-radiation; ELF; Skin-cancer
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The Occupational Environment - Its Evaluation and Control