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Hazard recognition in mining: a psychological perspective.
Perdue-CW; Kowalski-KM; Barrett-EA
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9422, 1995 Jan; :1-50
This U.S. Bureau of Mines report considers, from a psychological perspective, the perceptual process by which miners recognize and respond to mining hazards. It proposes that if the hazard recognition skills of miners can be improved, mining accidents may be reduced to a significant degree. Prior studies of hazard perception in mining are considered, as are relevant studies from investigations of military target identification, pilot and gunnery officer training, transportation safety, automobile operator behavior, as well as research into sensory functioning and visual information processing. A general model of hazard perception is introduced, and selected concepts from the psychology of perception that are applicable to the detection of mining hazards are reviewed. Hazard recognition is discussed as a function of the perceptual cues available to the miner as well as the cognitive resources and strategies employed by the miner. The development of expertise in resonding to hazards is related to individual differences in the experience, aptitude, and personality of the worker. Potential applications to miner safety and training are presented.
Miners; Mining-industry; Behavior-patterns; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Mine-workers; Safety-engineering; Visual-perception
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9422