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A chromium consumption and recycling flow model.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9416, 1994 Jan; :1-40
The U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM) has developed a computerized commodity flow model for strategic and critical materials. This flow model is generic and applicable to most commodities and amenable to updating as supply, demand, and/or production data change. The original model, with slight modifications, was used to track the flow of chromium. The report follows the flow of chromium through its metallurgical, chemical, and refractory applications, and highlights areas where significant losses occur because of downgrading, export, or disposal. The study indicates that materials containing 451,769 mt of chromium were consumed, including 99,221 mt of chromium from recycling. Chromium losses from all causes in 1989 were estimated to be 345,347 mt from a variety of areas.
Marketing; Economic-analysis; Computer-applications; Recycling; Scrap-recycling; Strategic-materials; Commodities; Industrial-intelligence; Chromium-industry; Mineral-economics; Flow-charts
NTIS Accession No.
Albany, OR: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9416
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division