Coal mine roof rating (CMRR): a practical rock mass classification for coal mines.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9387, 1994 Jan; :1-83
The Coal Mine Roof Rating (CMRR) was developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines as an engineering tool to quantify descriptive geologic information for use in coal mine design and roof support selection. The CMRR system combines the results of many years of geologic ground control research with worldwide experience with rock mass classification systems. Like other classification systems, the CMRR begins with the premise that the structural competence of mine roof rock is determined primarily by the discontinuities that weaken the rock fabric. The CMRR makes four unique contributions: (1) it is specifically designed for bedded coal measure rocks, (2) it concentrates on the bolted interval and its ability to form a stable mine structure, (3) it is applicable to all U.S. coal seams, and (4) it provides a methodology for data collection. Using only simple field tests and observations, the CMRR can be calculated from roof falls, overcasts, and highwall exposures.
Hazards; Geological-maps; Flow-charts; Structural-analysis; Lithology; Weight-mass; Ratings; Shear-strength; Cohesion; Moisture; Sensitivity; Risk-analysis; Spacing; Field-tests; Coal-mines; Roofs; Geological-surveys
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9387