Fires in abandoned coal mines and waste banks.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9352, 1993 Jan; :1-58
Fires that occur in abandoned coal mines, waste banks and in coal outcrops constitute a serious health, safety and environmental hazard. Toxic fumes, the deterioration of air quality, and subsidence constitute the greatest hazards from these fires. Although fires on abandoned mined land (AML) occur in every coal producing state, the severity of the problem varies. Methods to extinguish or control AML fires, including excavation, fire barriers and sealing, are generally expensive and have a relatively low probability of success. The report includes information from a variety of sources. Factors affecting the occurrence, propagation and extinguishment of AML fires are discussed. Conventional fire control methods are described, and their probable effectiveness is evaluated.
Abandoned-shafts; Underground-mining; Toxicity; Air-pollution-control; Barriers; Excavation; Sealing; Fire-safety; Fire-control; Fire-extinguishers; Spoil; State-government; National-government; Government-agencies; Effectiveness; Subsidence; Fires; Coal-mines; Health-hazards; Air-pollution; Waste-banks
NTIS Accession No.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9352