This Bureau of Mines report presents a summary of the mineral industries of the 16 countries in the middle east. Countries in this region differ widely, from those heavily endowed with hydrocarbon resources but with limited nonfuel resources, such as saudi arabia, kuwait, and qatar, to those heavily mineralized countries with limited petroleum reserves, such as Turkey, and to those with little mineral activity of any kind, such as lebanon. Base maps and tables show the location and salient features of each country's mineral and petroleum industries. The text highlights the important aspects of mineral supply and trade, mineral policy, industry structure, labor, energy, and the outlook for future developments in the industry. Infrastructure of importance to the mineral industry of each country, including railways, roads, and pipelines, is included on each map. Photographs of some operations are included.