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Some Aspects of the Hydrodynamics and Polymer Conformation in Polyacrylamide Flocculation of Chromite Ore.

Authors
Spears-DR; Stanley-DA; Scheiner-BJ
Source
SME Preprint 92-93 :6 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10011581
Abstract
As part of its mission to develop technology to assure a continuing supply of minerals, the U.S. Bureau of Mines has investigated the flocculation of a Stillwater, MT, chromite ore. The ore was flocculated at different solids contents and at different stirring speeds to determine the importance and effect of hydrodynamic factors. In acidic and basic ph, the chromite ore was flocculated with high-molecular-weight polyacrylamides differing in degree of hydrolysis. Polyacrylamides were found to bind chromite ore particles through hydrogen bonding. The anionicity of the polymer and the ph affected the degree of polymer-particle interaction, which in turn affected polymer conformation at the surface. A polymer conformation with many loops and tails was used to explain high flocculation efficiency. It was found that such a conformation could compensate for poor hydrodynamic conditions.
Publication Date
19920101
Document Type
OP;
Fiscal Year
1992
Identifying No.
OP 42-92
NIOSH Division
TURC;
Source Name
SME Preprint 92-93
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division