Understanding miners' hazard recognition skills: a psychological perspective.
Kowalski KM; Barrett EA
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 24-26, 1992. Tinney G, Bacho A, Karmis M, eds., Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1992 Aug; :151-162
This paper presents selected perceptual concepts found in the literature that may be applicable for research on improving the hazard recognition skills of miners. The literature review includes the areas of psychology, the military literature, especially target detection, and the transportation and safety literature. The goal of this search was to target appropriate concepts, theories and principles to utilize as a basis for improving hazard recognition training and to enhance the perceptual skills of miners. Four specific areas are discussed: 1. Degraded targets 2. Time sharing 3. Search strategies including the nature of expertise 4. Selected theories of individual differences such as field dependence/field independence, cognitive mapping and risk-taking behavior. The authors include suggestions for applications. These concepts are applicable to all areas of mining, coal and metal/nonmetal, surface and underground where the recognition of hazards is a critical task for workers.
Mine-workers; Miners; Mining-industry; Psychological-effects; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses
Tinney G; Bacho A; Karmis M
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 24-26, 1992