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Cause of floor self-heatings in an underground coal mine.
Miron-Y; Lazzara-CP; Smith-AC
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9415, 1992 Jan; :1-24
This report presents a U.S. Bureau of Mines study to identify the causes of self-heating events beneath the floor of a deep underground mine. Mine samples from both heated and unheated areas were examined by various techniques, including visual, microscopic, thermal, chemical, and instrumental tests. The combined results led to the conclusion that pyrite (FeS2) oxidation was the prime cause of the heatings. However, adiabatic oven tests of selected samples did not indicate the effect of the pyrite on the self-heating process, probably because of the experimental conditions. A fast, simple procedure to assess concentration of pyrite in the mine samples was developed, utilizing the reactivity of the sample with an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Iron-compounds
IH; Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9415
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division