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A radar coal thickness sensor.
Chufo RL; Johnson WJ
Conference record of the 1991 IEEE Industry Applications Society annual meeting, 1991 Industry Applications conference, 26th IAS annual meeting, September 28-October 4, 1991, Dearborn, Michigan. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 1991 Sep; II:1182-1191
A radar coal thickness sensor is being developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to measure both the dielectric constant and thickness of a coal seam as part of a sensor array supporting a computer-assisted coal mining machine. The noncontacting stepped-CW radar sensor measures the complex reflection coefficient of the coal-shale interface to resolve the coal thickness to subwavelength accuracies. The technique uses a monostatic antenna configuration. Transfer function errors are identified by using spatial modulation created by antenna motion. Synthetic range gating is used for clutter rejection. Finally, polarimetric scattering matrix techniques are used to calculate the dielectric constant and thickness of the multilayered coal-shale media. Data taken both in the laboratory and in an underground mine, in the 0.6- to 1.4-Ghz range, with a network analyzer and dipole antenna, have validated the technique. Accurate in situ measurements were made of a coal seam 6 in (15.2 Cm) thick with a dielectric constant of 4. The coal thickness was confirmed by a physical measurement.
Robert L. Chufo, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh Research Center, P.O. Box 18070, Pittsburgh, PA 15236
OP; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Conference record of the 1991 IEEE Industry Applications Society annual meeting, 1991 Industry Applications conference, 26th IAS annual meeting, September 28-October 4, 1991, Dearborn, Michigan
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