Shiftwork and Safety: A Review of Literature and Recent Research Results.
Paper in Trends in Ergonomics/human Factors V Elsevier PP 591- 600 Elsevier:591-600
Of recent concern to many companies is the effect of shift- scheduling practices on accident rates and accident patterns. For this reason, the U.S. Bureau of Mines reviewed extensive literature on the subject of shiftwork and safety in an attempt to characterize the cause-and-effect nature of this phenomenon for various work tasks and job environments. In addition, the Bureau examined 10 years of accident data for a group of iron ore mining companies that operated on the same shift-rotation schedule. This paper summarizes some of the more important findings. Of special interest are the effects of particular workdays of the night shift and age of workers on the timing and frequency of accidents. In general, older workers tended to have a greater share of their accidents toward the end of the night shift series and during the last few hours of a night shift, compared to younger workers.
Paper in Trends in Ergonomics/human Factors V. Elsevier, PP. 591- 600