Multiple-seam longwall gate road pillar design using modeling techniques.
New Technology in Mining Health & Safety: Proceedings of the Symposium held at the SME Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 24-27, 1992. Khair AW, ed., Littleton, CO: Society for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, 1992 Feb; :249-261
The U.S. Bureau of Mines, in an effort to improve coal conservation and utilization, is currently investigating longwall panel layouts to maximize coal recovery and minimize interactive problems in multiple-seam operations. When longwalling coalbeds in descending order, the transfer of stress from overlying gate roads is a major design constraint affecting pillar stability in the lower mine. The lower mine gate road pillars must be properly designed to withstand the additional load transfer if gate roads are superpositioned in successive seams. The Bureau's MulSim/NL model was used to analyze load transfer mechanics for superpositioned gate road pillars. Analysis of longwall pillar stability (ALPS), which is an empirically based design method for longwall gate road pillars, was used to calibrate model input parameters. The attributes of both the mulsim/nl model and ALPS were combined to develop a modified method for estimating pillar stress for multiple-seam cases. The modified method uses a multiple-seam (ms) factor to estimate the stress on the lower mine gate road pillars when superpositioning is practiced. Numerical analysis shows that the ms factor is dependent upon the interburden thickness and pillar width and is presented in a series of graphs relating these two parameters. [several examples are included to illustrate the use of the ms factor for estimating lower mine pillar stress and resulting stability factors.]
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Models; Coal-mining; Longwall-mining
OP; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
New Technology in Mining Health & Safety: Proceedings of the Symposium held at the SME Annual Meeting, Phoenix, Arizona, February 24-27, 1992