Bismuth - uses, supply, and technology.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9312, 1992 Jan; :1-16
The development and industry adaptation of advanced technologies have led to many important uses for bismuth and its compounds. Bismuth-base alloys are essential for manufacturing jet engine turbine blades, lenses, and various safety devices, such as fire-protection sprinklers. The addition of bismuth to iron, steel, and aluminum imparts properties to these metals that make them useful in diversified applications. Bismuth is also used widely in medicine, pigments, and electronics. The United States relies heavily upon imports from South America and Europe to meet its demand for bismuth, which is recovered chiefly as a byproduct of lead processing.
Mining-industry; Mineral-processing; Metal-compounds; Metals; Metallic-minerals
IH; Information Circular
NTIS Accession No.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9312