Detector Response to Both Fire and Non-fire Contaminants.
Ch 7 in Proc SME Annual Meeting SME 1992 :69-80
To reduce the number of nuisance fire alarms in underground mines that use diesel-powered equipment, the U.S. Bureau of Mines has developed a diesel-discriminating fire detector (ddd). It was designed to discriminate between smoke produced by a fire and the smoke-laden exhaust of a diesel engine. Welding and cutting with arc or flame can also produce combustion products capable of triggering nuisance alarms. In this report, the response of the ddd to the emissions from diesel exhaust, arc welding, and flame cutting are compared to the response of conventional smoke and carbon monoxide (co) detectors. The data show that when the ddd is set at an alarm threshold of 0.05 V, it will reliably detect a developing conveyor belt fire while remaining insensitive to other sources of nuisance combustion products. The alarm times of the three types of detectors were also compared. The ddd alarmed first in response to a smoldering conveyor belt in two of four experiments.
Ch. 7 in Proc., SME Annual Meeting. SME, 1992, PP. 69-80