NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Biosorption of metal contaminants from acidic mine waters.

Authors
Jeffers TH; Ferguson CR; Bennett PG
Source
Mineral bioprocessing. Smith RW, Misra M, eds. Warrendale, PA: TMS, PP 289-298 1991 Jul; :289-298
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10011199
Abstract
The Bureau of Mines Salt Lake City Research Center has developed porous polymeric beads containing immobilized nonliving biological materials for extracting metal contaminants from wastewaters. Immobilized biological materials include peat moss, algae, biological polymers, and other materials that demonstrate high affinities for heavy metals. The beads, designated as bio-fix beads, have distinct advantages over traditional methods of utilizing biological materials in that they have excellent handling characteristics and can be used in conventional processing equipment or low-maintenance systems. Toxic metals such as copper, cadmium, zinc, lead, and mercury are among the many heavy metals effectively removed from mine wastewaters using bio-fix beads. Continuous cyclic testing indicated that the beads continued to produce treated effluents which met national drinking water standards after 175 loading-elution cycles. Adsorbed metals were removed from the beads using dilute mineral acids. In many cases, the extracted metals were further concentrated to enable processors to reclaim the metals, thus minimizing the generation of a hazardous sludge. Tests indicated that use of the beads in a low-maintenance system was particularly effective for treating remote acid mine drainage waters and small toxic seeps from hardrock districts.
Publication Date
19910701
Document Type
OP; Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Smith RW; Misra M
Fiscal Year
1991
ISBN No.
9780873391757
Identifying No.
OP 33-92
NIOSH Division
SLRC
Source Name
Mineral bioprocessing
State
UT
Page last reviewed: June 7, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division