The change in wearability of low-alloy steels induced by alloy additions was studied by the U.S. Bureau of Mines. A dry sand- rubber wheel abrasion test apparatus using ASTM g65-81 procedure b was utilized. Tests were conducted to see if c, cr, mn, mo, ni, si, al, s, cu, and hardness were statistically significant. For all the steels, hardness and c reduced wear; cr, mo, and si increased wear. For hardened steels c reduced the wear. Unhardened steels showed c and mn reducing wear, with mo increasing the wear. The two steels with the best wear resistance were hardened steels similar to aisi 1055 and aisi 1078.