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Explosion-powered Triggered Barriers for Suppressing Mine Gas Explosions.

Cortese RA; Weiss ES; Greninger NB
24th Internatl Conf of Safety in Mines Res Institutes Makeevka State Res Inst Ussr :9 pages
The U.S. Bureau of Mines, as part of its research program for controlling underground mine explosions, conducted a series of single-entry tests in the experimental mine at the Lake Lynn Laboratory to evaluate the performance of triggered barriers against gas explosions. Results from the triggered barrier tests in a wide entry (6.1-M) showed that combinations of the dual-tube assembly near the mine roof were successful in suppressing gas explosions. In one installation, eight 1-m-long dual-tube units staggered perpendicular to the ribs, 18 to 36 m from the face, quenched the flame from a 12.2-M 10 pct methane-air zone. The flame, which would travel 61 m from the face without barriers, was suppressed within 38 m. The initial phase of this program is to optimize the water dispersion while maintaining accessibility to mining machinery, particularly in regards to mine roof clearance. The triggered barrier tests utilize a solar panel detector, which generates power from the flame radiation of the explosion to initiate the barriers.
Publication Date
Document Type
Fiscal Year
Identifying No.
OP 251-91
NIOSH Division
Source Name
24th Internatl Conf. of Safety in Mines Res. Institutes, Makeevka State Res. Inst., Ussr
Page last reviewed: December 30, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division