A new type of plasma device, the sustained shockwave plasma (ssp), has been shown to treat electric arc furnace dust (efd) to produce a nonhazardous slag and to recover metallic zinc and lead for recycle. The ssp enables an in-flight treatment of efd and provides a diffuse plasma zone in which reduction reactions occur. The collection efficiency of metallic zinc and lead from the efd using a specially designed cyclone condenser was about 60 pct within the condenser itself, with an additional 10 pct of the nonferrous reaction products being collected in a downstream filter bag. A zinc or lead splash condenser should be incorporated into a commercial design since the condenser used in the small-scale (500- g/h) system used in this present study was not suitable for steady- state operation. A problem was encountered with blockage of the laboratory-scale condenser exit tube, which was solved by pulsing the condenser. Another problem was high electrical energy requirements needed for the laboratory-scale reactor to process the efd; however, treatment of efd in an industrial-scale reactor equipped with a lead splash condenser appears promising. For the small scale of operation in the tests that were conducted, heat losses and transient heating effects accounted for a major portion of the energy input; however, for full-scale operation (20 tons per day), much more favorable energy utilization is to be expected.