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Byproduct output from the domestic primary copper, lead, and zinc industries.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9292, 1991 Jan; :1-45
Many important materials are derived entirely or partially as byproducts of primary copper, lead, and zinc production. This U.S. Bureau of Mines report examines the collective role of byproducts with regard to the economics of domestic mineral production, and their individual significance in terms of dollar value, end uses, and strategic considerations. The study also analyzes circumstances that have affected the competitiveness and structure of the U.S. copper, lead, and zinc industries, and factors that impact byproduct availability. These factors include production capacity at smelters and refineries, process technology, changing sources and composition of ores, regulations, foreign ownership, and byproduct demand and price. Policy considerations regarding stockpiling, regulations, and research are assessed.
Copper; Lead-Metal; Zinc; Sulfuric-acid; Gold; Silver; Malybdenum; Production; Competition; Market-value; Avaiability; Palladuim; Antimony; Economic-factors; Byproducts; Metal-products; Industries
IH; Information Circular
NTIS Accession No.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9292
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division